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Let us read what Peter said to Jesus on the Mount:

“Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.” (Matthew 17:4)

For sure, Peter did not have the pictures or photographs of Moses and Elijah to recognize them! So Peter recognizing them on his own was an impossible task.

Let us see how, on another occasion, Peter recognized a greater Person than Moses and Elijah. This is found in the very preceding Chapter. Here Jesus asked His disciples to confess as to who He was:

“He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.” (Matthew 16:15-17)

Peter got it right while others didn’t. He easily identified who Jesus was – “the Son of the Living God.” But Peter got Heavenly help. It was the Heavenly Father who revealed it to him! Yes, Peter got it right again in identifying Moses and Elijah. Obviously, the Father revealed it to him through the prompting of the Holy Spirit.

The same Peter said that it is the Holy Spirit who reveals things to God’s people. He wrote:

“Holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost” (2 Peter 1:21).

Also, we are told that Jesus, Moses, and Elijah were talking to each other.

“And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.” (Matthew 17:3)

Peter, James, and John would have obviously heard them call each other by their names.