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Cain murdered his righteous brother Abel after his sacrifice was not accepted by God while Abel’s was. He committed the first murder on earth. Guilt now filled his heart. And the rule is:

The wicked flee when no man pursueth. (Proverbs 28:1)

He feared what he did to his brother will be done unto him. He told God of this terrible feeling of being killed any time. He said to his Creator:

And it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me. (Genesis 4:14) 

Obviously, from the very words of Cain, we realize that there were other people around. He did not say if my “parents” find me, but he said, “every one” that finds me. His parents would not kill him. The sin that they committed in the beginning was more than enough for them to refrain from further sins, by the grace of God.

Cain feared that his brothers would take revenge for the death of their brother. (We know of similar incidences where the loved ones of the victim took revenge on behalf of their siblings (see 2 Samuel Chapter 13; Genesis Chapter 34)).

We get a clue that there were people around apart from Adam and Eve at the time of the first murder. Immediately after this cowardice act Cain was driven from his home, and he dwelt on the east side of Eden. The record reads:

And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived. (Genesis 4:16, 17)

The above text indicates either Cain was already married at the time of the murder, or he got married immediately after. Cain was driven away from the rest of the people. And nobody would have really wanted to marry this murderer. So it is most likely he got married before the unfortunate incident, and his wife, obviously, had to accompany him when he was driven out, as was the case of his father.

Talking about God driving out Adam from the Garden, the Bible declares:

So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life. And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare

Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. (Genesis 3:24, 4:1)

The “man”, Adam, was driven out it says; obviously his wife, Eve, followed too. It is very interesting to note that Adam, though was married, “knew Eve his wife; and she conceived” only after the test. Cain too, their eldest son, had a test along with his brother, and had a similar experience. It was only after the test:

Cain knew his wife; and she conceived. (Genesis 4:17)

When he was driven out from the presence of God into the land of Nod, his wife would have followed too, being “one flesh” (Genesis 2:24).

The Bible talks about Adam having many sons and daughters, and not just Cain, Abel and Seth.

And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth: And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters. (Genesis 5:3, 4)

Adam lived for 930 years. He had many children, for God gave him the direct command, in the beginning:

Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. (Genesis 1:28)

ONE MIGHT ASK: Weren’t these sons and daughters born after the birth of Seth? Well, the Bible does not say that. The fact it mentions the name of Seth and his birth, is because he would be the link through whom the Messiah would ultimately be born. (Isn’t it wonderful to know that Moses, who lived 1500 years before the coming of Christ, was told to record the name of Seth, and not the names of the other sons and daughters of Adam? It was clearly indicated here that he would be the seed through whom the promised Seed would come!) Adam was 130 years old when Seth was born. It says:

He begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth. (Genesis 5:3)

Seth resembled Adam more than any of his other sons. Probably the difference was hardly noticeable! They had “sons and daughters”; plenty of them from the beginning till their good age permitted them. Don’t forget Noah was five hundred years old when his children were born! (See Genesis 5:32)

Listen to what God said to Cain:

And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him. (Genesis 4:15)

Notice the words, “whosoever slayeth Cain… lest any finding him”; and Cain’s words earlier, “everyone that findeth me shall slay me” (Emphasis supplied). “Whosoever”, “Any” and “Everyone” clearly indicates that there were at least a few people around when the murder took place! And even the constructions of the statements are in present tense and not future tense. These words from the Lord, and from Cain himself, are proofs that Adam had many children by then.

ONE MIGHT SAY: If there were other people around why does the Bible clearly not specify about it?

Well, we need to look at what the issue in focus was. The issue was not about how many people were there, but about the difference of sacrifice of the two brothers.

Remember in one of the parables Jesus talked about two people who went up to pray in the temple-A Pharisee and a Publican (Luke 18:10). Because Jesus mentioned only two people who went to pray, does that mean no one else prayed, accept these two? No the issue was about not how many people went up to pray in the temple but about the difference of the two prayers. So the issue in Geneses Chapter 4 was not about how many children Adam and Eve had, but about how these two sons were different from each other in their attitude towards God! Cain and Abel were the first two children of Adam and Eve, but they were not the only children around at the time of the test at the altar of sacrifice, is obvious from the verses just seen.